Beyond Trauma: A Multiple Pathways Approach to Auditory Hallucinations in Clinical and Nonclinical Populations
By Tanya Marie Luhrmann, Ben Alderson-Day, Vaughan Bell, Josef J Bless, Philip Corlett, Kenneth Hugdahl, Nev Jones, Frank Larøi, Peter Moseley, Ramachandran Padmavati,
Emmanuelle Peters, Albert R Powers, Flavie Waters
That trauma can play a significant role in the onset and maintenance of voice-hearing is one of the most striking and important developments in the recent study of psychosis. Yet the finding that trauma increases the risk for hallucination and for psychosis is quite different from the claim that trauma is necessary for either to occur. Trauma is often but not always associated with voice-hearing in populations with psychosis; voice-hearing is sometimes associated with willful training and cultivation in nonclinical populations. This article uses ethnographic data among other data to explore the possibility of multiple pathways to voice-hearing for clinical and nonclinical individuals whose voices are not due to known etiological factors such as drugs, sensory deprivation, epilepsy, and so forth. We suggest that trauma sometimes plays a major role in hallucinations, sometimes a minor role, and sometimes no role at all. Our work also finds seemingly distinct phenomenological patterns for voice-hearing, which may reflect the different salience of trauma for those who hear voices.
Link to Full Article
Australia is now home to some of the best organized hearing voices network groups and collectives in the world. Prahran Mission's Voices Vic is one such group. Be sure and check out some of their exciting projects including:
Reblogged from: Hearing the Voice (Durham University, UK)
‘Inner Voices’: Hearing the Voice in the Guardian
Hearing the Voice is delighted to draw our readers’ attention to ‘Inner Voices’ – a series of blog posts and short articles on voice-hearing and related issues published online by the Guardian.
Written by Hearing the Voice researchers, the articles in the series explore the scientific, philosophical and literary aspects of hearing voices. Topics covered include the latest research into voice-hearing in people who do not have a psychiatric diagnosis, the neural mechanisms underlying ordinary inner speech and experiences of hearing voices, as well as the representation of voices and inner speech in literary works such as Virginia Woolf’s Mrs Dalloway, Hilary Mantell’s Beyond Black and Samuel Beckett’s Ohio Impromptu, among other issues.
The series also contains the interim findings of the “Writers’ Inner Voices” project – a qualitative study of literary creativity, designed to explore the complex ways in which writers experience the voices, presence and agency of the characters and people they bring to life.
The ‘Inner Voices’ series is available in full here.
In order of publication, the Hearing the Voice posts are:
A new qualitative study on participants' experiences of hearing voices network groups was recently published in the journal Psychosis. We excerpt from the study's discussion here:
Participants were given the opportunity to highlight aspects of the group structure that they found particularly helpful or unhelpful. In contrast to the traditionally hierarchical nature of professional support, the HVN adopts a philosophy of “expert by experience”. The fact that groups were facilitated by voice-hearers was seen as particularly helpful in encouraging participants to be open about their experiences. Voice-hearer facilitators also gave participants a sense of hope for their own futures as they could see clear “living examples” of what could be achieved whilst still experiencing voices.
The full citation for the paper is: Oakland, L., & Berry, K. (2014). “Lifting the veil”: A qualitative analysis of experiences in Hearing Voices Network groups. Psychosis, (ahead-of-print), 1-11.